CPT CODE 99381, 99382 - 99385 - Preventive visit new patient

CPT Code and description

99381 - Initial comprehensive preventive medicine evaluation and management of an individual including an age and gender appropriate history, examination, counseling/anticipatory guidance/risk factor reduction interventions, and the ordering of laboratory/diagnostic procedures, new patient; infant (age younger than 1 year)

99382 - Initial comprehensive preventive medicine evaluation and management of an individual including an age and gender appropriate history, examination, counseling/anticipatory guidance/risk factor reduction interventions, and the ordering of laboratory/diagnostic procedures, new patient; early childhood (age 1 through 4 years)

99383 - Initial comprehensive preventive medicine evaluation and management of an individual including an age and gender appropriate history, examination, counseling/anticipatory guidance/risk factor reduction interventions, and the ordering of laboratory/diagnostic procedures, new patient; late childhood (age 5 through 11 years) - Average fee amount $110 - $130

99384 - Initial comprehensive preventive medicine evaluation and management of an individual including an age and gender appropriate history, examination, counseling/anticipatory guidance/risk factor reduction interventions, and the ordering of laboratory/diagnostic procedures, new patient; adolescent (age 12 through 17 years) Average fee amount $120 - $140

99385 - Initial comprehensive preventive medicine evaluation and management of an individual including an age and gender appropriate history, examination, counseling/anticipatory guidance/risk factor reduction interventions, and the ordering of laboratory/diagnostic procedures, new patient; 18-39 years  -  Average fee amount - $120 - $ 150


OVERVIEW

Preventive Medicine Services [Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®) codes 99381-99387, 99391-99397, Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System (HCPCS) code G0402] are comprehensive in nature, reflect an age and gender appropriate history and examination, and include counseling, anticipatory guidance, and risk factor reduction interventions, usually separate from disease-related diagnoses. Occasionally, an abnormality is encountered or a preexisting problem is addressed during the Preventive visit, and significant elements of related Evaluation and Management (E/M) services are provided during the same visit. When this occurs, Oxford will reimburse  Preventive Medicine service plus 50% the Problem-Oriented E/M service code when that code is appended with modifier 25. If the Problem-Oriented service is minor, or if the code is not submitted with modifier 25 appended, it will not be reimbursed.


When a Preventive Medicine service and Other E/M services are provided during the same visit, only the Preventive Medicine service will be reimbursed.


Screening services include cervical cancer screening; pelvic and breast examination; prostate cancer screening/digital rectal examination; and obtaining, preparing and conveyance of a Papanicolaou smear to the laboratory. These Screening procedures are included in (and are not separately reimbursed from) the Preventive Medicine service rendered on the same day.


Prolonged services are included in (and not separately reimbursed from) Preventive Medicine codes.

Counseling services are included in (and not separately reimbursed from) Preventive Medicine codes.

Medical Nutrition Therapy services are included in (and not separately reimbursed from) Preventive Medicine codes.

Visual function screening and Visual Acuity screening are included in (and not separately reimbursed from) Preventive Medicine services.


For a list of specific codes that are included in (and not separately reimbursed from) Preventive Medicine Services see the Applicable Codes section below.

For the purposes of this policy, Same Specialty Physician, Hospital, Ambulatory Surgical Center or Other Health Care Professional is defined as a physician, hospital, ambulatory surgical center, and/or other health care professional of the same group and Same Specialty Physician, Hospital, Ambulatory Surgical Center or Other Health Care Professional reporting the same Federal Tax Identification number.





Billing for Preventive Behavioral Services (Postpartum Depression Assessment and other  Mental Health-Related Services)

Multiple sets of billing codes are provided—some for visits completely devoted to preventive services, and some for primary care physician use for mental health diagnosis and patient  management. For most visits, the screening will take less than 3 minutes. Follow-up on screening results can then be billed as diagnosis and patient management.

Benefit packages will differ among and between insurance carriers and different policies offered by a single carrier. Practitioners will have to check with the insurance carrier or managed care plan to decide which codes to use to provide specific services to specific patients.

It is important to note that billing codes are expressed in terms of “encounters,” and that an outpatient visit may include multiple “encounters.” Here again, a provider must inquire with his or her managed care plan or insurance carrier to determine which encounters, within a single
outpatient visit, are to be “bundled,” and which are to be billed separately.

Preventive Medicine, Individual Counseling, and/or Risk Factor Reduction Intervention Provided to an Individual as a Separate Procedure

CPT Code and Approximate Duration of Procedure

99401 - 15 minutes

99402 - 30 minutes

99403 - 45 minutes

99404 - 60 minutes

CPT Code for Initial Evaluation of New Patient (Bold)  

CPT Code for Periodic Reevaluation  Age Range

99381 – 99391 - Under 1 year

99382 – 99392 - 1-4

99383 – 99393 - 5-11

99384 – 99394 - 12-17

99385 – 99395 - 18-39

99386 – 99396 - 40-64

99387 – 99397 - 65 and over


REIMBURSEMENT GUIDELINES

Preventive Medicine Service and Problem Oriented E/M Service

A Preventive Medicine CPT or HCPCS code and a Problem-Oriented E/M CPT code may both be submitted for the same patient by the Same Specialty Physician, Hospital, Ambulatory Surgical Center or Other Health Care Professional on the same date of service. If the E/M code represents a significant, separately identifiable service and is submitted with modifier 25 appended, Oxford will reimburse the Preventive Medicine code plus 50% of the Problem-Oriented E/M code. Oxford will not reimburse a Problem-Oriented E/M code that does not represent a significant, separately identifiable service and that is not submitted with modifier 25 appended.


Preventive Medicine Service and Other E/M Service

A Preventive Medicine CPT or HCPCS code and Other E/M CPT or HCPCS codes may both be submitted for the same patient by the Same Specialty Physician, Hospital, Ambulatory Surgical Center or Other Health Care Professional on the same date of service. However, Oxford will only reimburse the Preventive Medicine CPT or HCPCS code.



QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

1 Q: Why does Oxford reduce reimbursement to 50% for an evaluation and management (E/M) service (99201-99205 or 99212-99215 with modifier 25) billed for the same person on the same date of service as a Preventive Medicine service?


A: Oxford recognizes that a visit may begin as a Preventive Medicine service, and in the process of the examination it may be determined that a disease related condition exists (evaluation and management). When this occurs, the level of decision-making during such a visit may be more complex than the decision-making during a Preventive Medicine visit. However, there are elements of the Preventive Medicine service (e.g., making the appointment, obtaining vital signs, maintaining and stocking the exam room, etc.) that are duplicated in the reimbursement for an E/M code; these duplicated practice expense services are 50% of the E/M cost.


2 Q: In what situation is CPT code 96110 reimbursable?

A: As defined, CPT code 96110 represents developmental screening with interpretation and report. In the introduction to the section in which this code appears, the CPT book states that "it is expected that the administration of these tests will generate material that will be formulated into a report." Because a physician obtains developmental information as an intrinsic part of a preventive medicine service for an infant or child and because this information is sometimes obtained in the form of a questionnaire completed by the parents, it is expected that this code will be reported in addition to the preventive medicine visit only if the screening meets the code description. Physicians should report CPT code,  for developmental screening or other similar screening or testing, separate and distinct from the Preventive medicine service only when the testing or screening results in an interpretation and report by the physician being entered into the medical record.



3 Q: Why is Q0091 not separately reimbursable when billed with a Preventive Medicine code?

A: Oxford considers Q0091 (obtaining, preparing and conveying a cervical or vaginal smear to the laboratory) to be an integral part of a Preventive Health Care service. Therefore, this component of a Preventive visit is not separately reimbursable.


4 Q: Why is 99173 (screening test of visual acuity) not separately reimbursable when billed with a Preventive Medicine code?

A: Oxford considers vision screening using an eye chart to be integral to a Preventive Medicine examination in the same way that measurements of height, weight and blood pressure are integral to a Preventive Medicine examination. Therefore, vision screening using an eye chart is not reimbursed separately from a Preventive Medicine examination.


5 Q: Why is 99172 (visual function screening) not separately reimbursable when billed with a Preventive Medicine code?

A: The CPT Book clearly states that this service should not be reported in addition to an E/M code.


6 Q: How does Oxford reimburse for screening tests based on a questionnaire completed by the patient or a family member when done in conjunction with a Preventive Medicine service?


A: Counseling, anticipatory guidance and risk factor reduction interventions are integral to a Preventive Medicine visit. Historical information may be obtained either through direct questioning or through completion of a written questionnaire. The responses on a questionnaire often identify areas for more focused interventions or treatments. Since this screening is part of a Preventive Medicine service, it is not reimbursed separately. Occasionally, a screening instrument requires interpretation, scoring, and the development of a report separate from the Preventive Medicine encounter. In those  situations, where a CPT code exists for that service, screening, interpretation and development of a report is reimbursed separately from a Preventive Medicine service.



State Exceptions

Arizona Per Arizona State Regulations, effective 4/1/14 claims for EPSDT services must be submitted on a CMS (formerly HCFA) 1500 form for members up to age 21. Providers must bill for preventative EPSDT services using the preventative service, office or other outpatient services and preventive medicine CPT codes (99381 – 99385, 99391 – 99395) with an EP modifier.

EPSDT visits are paid at a global rate for the services specified and no additional reimbursement is allowed. Providers must use an EP modifier to designate all services related to the EPSDT well child check-ups, including  routine vision and hearing screenings.

* A list of preventative, office or other outpatient services that are considered included in the global payment of the preventive medicine CPT code is attached to this policy

*  Ocular photoscreening with interpretation and report, bilateral (CPT code 99174) is allowed for members under age 19.

Arizona EPSDT Bundled

Codes List

A list of preventative, office or other outpatient services that are considered included in the global payment for the preventive medicine CPT codes (99381 – 99385, 99391 – 99395).



DC EPSDT Well-Child Visit Billing Reference Guide

When conducting a well-child visit (WCV), a primary care provider (PCP) must perform all components required in a visit and all age-appropriate screenings and/or assessments as required in the DC Medicaid HealthCheck Periodicity Schedule. Covered screening services are medical, developmental/mental health, vision, hearing and dental. The components of medical screening include:

* Comprehensive health and developmental history that assesses for both physical and mental health as well as for substance use disorders

* Comprehensive, unclothed physical examination

* Appropriate immunizations (as established by ACIP)

* Laboratory testing (including blood lead screening appropriate for age and risk factors)

* Health education and anticipatory guidance for both the child and the caregiver.i

To bill for a well-child visit:

* Use the age-based CPT code (99381-99385; 99391-99395). See Table 1.

o Use the following ICD-9 diagnosis codes listed in Table 1 in conjunction with the CPT Code

* Bill for each separate assessment/screening performed using the applicable CPT code from Table 2.

* If a screening or assessment is positive and requires follow-up or a referral, please use modifier TS with the applicable screening code that had a positive result.

DO NOT USE THE E&M OUTPATIENT VISIT CODES (99201-99205; 99213-99215) TO BILL FOR A WELLCHILD VISIT.


Table1: Age Based Preventive Visit CPT Codes Table 2: Screening/Assessment CPT Codes

Patient’s Age                CPT Code           Dx Code

< 1 year  99381/91  new/established  V20.31,  20.32,  V20.2

1 – 4 years 99382/92 V20.2

5 – 11 years 99383/93 V20.2

12 – 17 years 99384/94 V20.2

18 – 21 years 99385/95 V70.0

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