Anesthesia services: general, local, regional, epidural:

• We do not provide separate or additional reimbursement for the usual monitoring procedures that are traditionally part of and recorded on the anesthesia record because they are considered an integral part of anesthesia services and are included in the anesthesia base unit value. Unusual forms of monitoring (eg, intra-arterial, central venous and Swan-Ganz) are not included and may be billed separately.

• We do not provide separate or additional reimbursement for local anesthesia because it is considered part of the surgical procedure or other manipulation for which it is given.

• Moderate sedation services provided by the same physician performing the diagnostic or therapeutic service that the sedation supports should be reported with CPT codes 99143-99145.

Separate or additional reimbursement for moderate sedation services submitted with codes 99143-99145 is allowed according to CPT coding guidelines and should be reported only with those procedures not listed in Appendix G of the CPT. Appendix G, Summary of CPT Codes That Include Moderate (Conscious) Sedation, lists those procedures for which conscious sedation is an inherent part of the procedure itself.

• Reimbursement consists of anesthesia base units plus anesthesia time units multiplied by a conversion factor.
• 99100: anesthesia for patient of extreme age, under one year and over seventy.
• 99116: anesthesia complicated by utilization of total body hypothermia.
• 99135: anesthesia complicated by utilization of controlled hypotension.
• 99140: anesthesia complicated by emergency conditions (specify).
• 99143: Moderate sedation services (other than those services described by codes 00100-01999) provided by the same physician performing the diagnostic or therapeutic service that the sedation supports, requiring the presence of an independent trained observer to assist in the monitoring of the patient's level of consciousness and physiological status; under 5 years of age, first 30 minutes intraservice time
• We do not provide separate reimbursement for postoperative epidural narcotic analgesia when performed on the same date of service as epidural anesthesia, since the primary reason for the catheter insertion is for the administration of the anesthetic. However, we do provide payment for daily hospital management under CPT code 01996 on the same day as when epidural anesthesia is administered for the surgical procedure.
• We do not provide separate reimbursement to an anesthesiologist for postoperative pain consultation when performed on the same date of service as the surgical procedure because usual pain management services are considered part of postoperative care and included in the anesthesia base units.
• We reimburse postoperative patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) only as an initial consultation when performed subsequent to the day of surgery. Report initial consultation (CPT code 99252), 1 unit of service only. Report CPT code 99252 only once during a hospital admission.
• Reimbursement for a pre-operative consultation that is rendered within one to ten days prior to the date of surgery is already included in the global allowance for the administration of anesthesia. However, if an interval exceeding ten days elapses between a routine pre-operative consultation and the date of surgery, due to surgical rescheduling or cancellation, then the initial pre-operative evaluation can be reimbursed as a limited consultation.
• Bill a single epidural injection of narcotics using CPT code 62310 or 62311 and 1 unit of service.
• Bill an epidural catheter insertion for the continuous administration of narcotics using CPT code 62318 or 62319 and 1 unit of service.
• Effective 01/01/04 according to CPT 2004, CPT code 01996 to report daily hospital management of continuous epidural or subarachnoid drug administration performed after insertion of an epidural or subarachnoid catheter.
• Do not bill CPT codes 62310-62319 on the day of surgery when the epidural injection is performed primarily for the surgical anesthetic and not for the postoperative narcotic. CPT code 01996 (daily hospital management) may be billed if the record demonstrates that the anesthesiologists’ administration of the agent required patient care substantially beyond the intraoperative and normal recovery period.
• Do not bill 01996 (daily hospital management) on the same date of service as 62310 – 62319.
• Bill anesthesia for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) with CPT code 00104. One unit of service is allowed.
• Bill for Swan-Ganz catheter insertion using CPT code 93503.
• Bill the insertion of epidural or intrathecal catheter for narcotic infusion for intractable pain due to malignant disease requiring laminectomy with CPT code 62351 and without laminectomy with CPT code 62350.

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