Presbyopia-Correcting - CPT 66982, 66983

Presbyopia-Correcting (P-C IOLS) and Astigmatism-Correcting Intraocular Lenses (A-C IOLs) (General Policy Information)

Medicare will allow beneficiaries to pay additional charges associated with insertion of a P-C IOL following cataract surgery.
• Presbyopia is a type of age-associated refractive error that results in progressive loss of the focusing power of the lens of the eye, causing difficulty seeing objects at near distance, or close-up. Presbyopia occurs as the natural lens of the eye becomes thicker and less flexible with age.
• A presbyopia-correcting IOL is indicated for primary implantation in the capsular bag of the eye for the visual correction of aphakia (absence of the lens of the eye) following cataract extraction that is intended to provide near, intermediate and distance vision without the need for eyeglasses or contact lenses.
Per CMS-1536-Ruling, effective for services on and after January 22, 2007, Medicare will allow beneficiaries to pay additional charges (which are non-covered by Medicare as these additional charges are not part of a Medicare benefit category) for insertion of an A-C IOL.
• Regular astigmatism is a visual condition where part of an image is blurred due to uneven corneal curvature. A normal cornea has the same curvature at all axes, whereas the curvature of an astigmatic cornea differs in two primary axes, resulting in vision that is distorted at all distances.
• The A-C IOL is intended to provide what is otherwise achieved by two separate items; an implantable conventional IOL (one that is not astigmatism-correcting) that is covered by Medicare, and the surgical correction, eyeglasses or contact lenses that are not covered by Medicare.

A list of A-C IOLs and P-C IOLs can be accessed online at http://www.cms.hhs.gov/HospitalOutpatientPPS/01_overview.asp

Coding and General Billing Requirements

Physicians and hospitals must report one of the following Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes on the claim:

66982 - Extracapsular cataract removal with insertion of intraocular lens prosthesis (one stage procedure), manual or mechanical technique (e.g., irrigation and aspiration or phacoemulsification), complex requiring devices or techniques not generally used in routine cataract surgery (e.g., iris expansion device, suture support for intraocular lens, or primary posterior capsulorrhexis) or performed on patients in the amblyogenic development stage.
• 66983 - Intracapsular cataract with insertion of intraocular lens prosthesis (one stage procedure)
• 66984 - Extracapsular cataract removal with insertion of intraocular lens prosthesis (one stage procedure), manual or mechanical technique (e.g., irrigation and aspiration or phacoemulsification)
• 66985 - Insertion of intraocular lens prosthesis (secondary implant), not associated with concurrent cataract extraction
• 66986 - Exchange of intraocular lens

In addition, physicians inserting a P-C IOL or A-C IOL in an office setting may bill code V2632 (posterior chamber intraocular lens) for the IOL. Medicare will make payment for the lens based on reasonable cost for a conventional IOL. Place of Service (POS) = 11.

Effective for dates of service on and after January 1, 2006, physician, hospitals and ASCs may also bill the non-covered charges related to the P-C function of the IOL using HCPCS code V2788. Effective for dates of service on and after January 22, 2007 through January 1, 2008, non-covered charges related to A-C function of the IOL can be billed using HCPCS code V2788. The type of service indicator for the non-covered billed charges is Q. (The type of service is applied by the Medicare carrier and not the provider). Effective for A-C IOL insertion services on or after January 1, 2008, physicians, hospitals and ASCs should use V2787 rather than V2788 to report any additional charges that accrue

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